- “Infini Rien”
The wager fragment in Pascal’s Penseés opens with the phrase “infini rien” – “infinity nothing” – which is meant to describe the human condition. Pascal was reacting to the notion that we seem to be able to know much about the world but less about ourselves. His famous wager – betting in favor of God’s existence, since the rewards for being right are infinitely good, but the loss for being wrong are utterly trivial – is one of the most celebrated and disputed in the history of philosophy.
- John Locke and Christianity
Locke’s The Reasonableness of Christianity, published anonymously in 1695, entered a world upset by fierce theological conflict and immediately became a subject of controversy. At issue were the author’s intentions. John Edwards labeled it a Socinian work and charged that it was subversive not only of Christianity but of religion itself; others praised it as a sure preservative of both. Few understood Locke’s intentions.
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